Anthurium

антуриумThe plant is very popular among gardeners due to its spectacular, unique appearance. Despite the fact that these flowers cannot be called the cheapest, every lover of indoor plants dreams of purchasing such a plant.

Anthurium (Anthúrium) is a genus of evergreen plants that belongs to the Araceae, or Araceae, family. Perhaps this is the most numerous genus of the family, since many sources count up to 500 (approximately), and others even up to 900 species. Among them there are both tree-like and climbing ones, but these are mainly herbaceous plants (lithophytes, semi-epiphytes, epiphytes, terrestrial) that live in savannas, on rocky and/or stony rocks, as well as in tropical forests. Some are found in symbiosis with ant colonies.

The habitat of anthurium in the wild stretches from Mexico (Central America) to Paraguay (South America).

They are not afraid of mountainous areas either - huge colonies of anthuriums can be found in the Andes and Cordillera, where they grow at altitudes of up to 3400 m above sea level.

Anthurium has thick, often shortened stems.

The leaves come in all sorts of shapes (heart-shaped, multi-pinnate, entire, spatulate or complexly dissected). The plant can reach 118 centimeters in length (this applies to Anthurium acutissimum). The surface can be matte, semi-gloss or glossy. The texture ranges from fragile (like paper) to leathery. In tropical forest conditions, leaves turn depending on the position of the sun in the sky. In drier areas, the leaves look like a rosette, which resembles a bird's nest, in which dead plant particles accumulate, retaining moisture, and later acting as a natural fertilizer.

Naturally, the most beautiful and exotic part of Anthurium are the flowers. They form the velvety outer surface of the inflorescence, which has the appearance of a cob, arranged on it in dense multi-tiered spirals. There are cobs in the form of a cone, a ball, a twisted spring, or a club. The color of the flowers is green, white, pink, red or a combination of these colors. In addition, there are spathes and perianths, which often have a very bright and spectacular tone: red, purple, pink, orange...

Of course, the external attractiveness of the plant explains the relatively high cost, and this repels many lovers of house plants. But people who still decide to buy anthurium are unlikely to ever regret the money spent.

It pleases the eye both in winter and in summer (during the traditional flowering period).

The most popular indoor species is Anthurium scherzerianum. Crystal Anthurium (Lat. Anthurium crystallinum) and Anthurium Andre (Lat. Anthurium andraeanum) are also in demand, although the second of them, due to its size, can rather be called a greenhouse flower. Interestingly, for the same reason, in its homeland (Colombia) it is called “Flamingo Flower”, and in other Spanish-speaking countries - “Little Red Raincoat”.

Nuances of plant care

It is best if the lighting is diffused but bright. Anthurium should be protected from direct sunlight.

In summer, it needs abundant watering, but you need to make sure that there is no waterlogging (and even more so, stagnation of water). In winter, the amount of water is reduced, but the soil should not dry out either.

Anthurium loves high air humidity - this means that the leaves must be regularly sprayed or wiped with a wet sponge. You need to place the pot in a tray on top of wet moss. If you cover the stems with the same moss, adventitious roots will grow intensively.

The most comfortable summer temperature is 20-28°C. In winter, this level is much lower - 15-16°C. In order for the plant to bloom profusely, in March-April it is necessary to ensure a temperature of 16-18°C. If you follow all the rules of care, the flower can bloom all summer long.

In spring and summer, a growth period begins; at this time, feed your pet every 15 days with organic fertilizers, which should alternate with a mineral solution. If the plant has just been transplanted, then feeding it is contraindicated.

Replanting is carried out every year in the spring (when the base becomes more than 25 cm wide, it will need to be replanted half as often). The soil is made up of a small amount of sand, humus and turf soil. The best option is when the substrate is loose and breathable.

There are several ways to propagate anthurium:

- lateral shoots that have independent roots;

- stem and apical cuttings;

- seeds (sowing at 25°C, germinates after a few months).

No pruning needed.

Possible problems

If the tips of the leaves turn black, it means there is excess calcium in the soil. Please note that you must use soft water for irrigation.

Leaves curl - usually the reason is either dry air, direct sunlight, insufficient lighting, or the fact that the plant is in a draft.

Spots appear on the leaves - various parasitic fungi are often to blame.

The atrium sometimes suffers from aphids, which accumulate on young inflorescences and shoots. To eliminate this phenomenon, every month in the summer, for prevention, the plant is sprayed with solutions that prevent the appearance and activity of aphids. In addition, the atrium may suffer from scale insects and thrips.

The latter are especially dangerous because they multiply very quickly, and destruction will require considerable effort.

And lastly: when growing anthuriums, one should not forget that their juice is poisonous.

You can buy anthurium in Minsk in our store, see our website