Alocásia is a genus of perennial plants consisting of approximately 70 species of various tropical and subtropical inhabitants, belonging to the Araceae family. Alocasia's well-developed stem allows it to grow from 50 centimeters to 2 meters in height. At the very tip of the stem there are oval-arrow-shaped leaves; in size they can reach phenomenal sizes. Leaves up to 1 meter long were seen on some plants. Sometimes there is foliage that is covered with colored dots with yellow or white veins. The petiole at the base of the leaf is divided into several separate veins. When there is more water in the soil than needed or the weather is very humid, Alocasia can release excess moisture through the stomata-hydathodes, which are located on the foliage of the plant. This ability helps Alocasia a lot and makes her quite happy environmentally resistant organism. Alocasia feels very good in self-watering pots.
The plant itself blooms quite rarely, so its main decoration is considered to be lushly growing leaves. However, when the plant does bloom in such an unusual form, when the flower grows up to 30 centimeters in length, and the spadix is painted in a white-pinkish hue, which is comfortably wrapped in a leaf, like a blanket. This gives even greater beauty and elegance to this plant, which is well suited for decorative decoration in the room. Due to its amazing beauty and grace, Alocasia is widely used as a decoration for winter gardens, various ponds, fountains and foyers. The large size of the foliage and the plant itself are ideal for this function.
This type of ornamental plant is quite unpretentious to living conditions. Alocasia is a tenacious organism and can withstand almost all adversities in the environment. This can be said to be a good option for novice gardeners who still do not know all the whims and nuances of growing houseplants. They grow best on verandas and windows, covered with gauze or some other transparent fabric to create diffused light. To make Alocasia quite comfortable, you need to place it in a place where there is enough sunlight or in a slightly dark place. This is especially true for young animals of this species that are just beginning to grow. They need more light, but be careful not to overdo it; ultraviolet rays have a detrimental effect on plants, and you need to protect it well from them. However, some forms of alocasia with solid-colored foliage do not require as much sunlight, unlike variegated ones, which will die if there is not enough sunlight.
In the first days of spring and ending in summer, the acceptable temperature for Alokazi fluctuates around 22-26 degrees Celsius and in winter 18-20. As you already understand, the flower is heat-loving and must be carefully hidden from any drafts. With the onset of spring and until mid-autumn, you will need to take good care of the soil in the pot and thoroughly water the plant several times a day. When you notice that the soil on top has already dried out, you will need to water it again. And do not forget to remove excess moisture from the pan. During the dormant period (October-February), water moderately every other day. as the top layer of soil has already dried out. Watering must be taken seriously, because excessively dry soil and waterlogging will cause quite a lot of damage to Alocasia, after which the flower may wither.
High ambient humidity is acceptable for this type of plant. Therefore, you need to carefully spray and water it when the weather is cold or rainy outside. If, on the contrary, there is not enough humidity, you need to correct this by transferring Alocasia to a tray with wet pebbles, but the pot with the plant itself should not contain water. It is also necessary to wipe the Alocasia foliage weekly to remove dust and staples.
From spring to autumn, once a month, the plant requires feeding with special fertilizers. For good regression of Alocasia, a special substrate is required that can pass the required amount of moist air. For this, an excellent fertilizer would be a mixture of peat, coniferous soil, sand and foliage, or humus with peat, sand, foliage, turf soil and moss. It is these combinations of various mineral fertilizers that will give your flower all the vitamins and minerals it needs for its continued existence.
For successful transplantation of Alocasia, the month of March is good. Young plants are replanted at their own discretion, and adult plants are replanted every two to three years. Also, if replanting is not suitable for you, you can use plant transshipment. You just need to transfer the plant with all the soil into another pot.
The spring period is ideal for reproduction. Almost immediately after collection, Alocasia seeds are sown in the same substrate that you prepared for fertilization; the seeds are carefully buried to a shallow depth so that all nutrients are absorbed by them. For growth, it is necessary to maintain a stable temperature level of 22-24 degrees Celsius, while regularly spraying the seeds. The seedlings dive twice, after which they need to be transplanted into 7-centimeter containers so that the seedlings can grow comfortably in it. Young growth should be replanted after they have completely entwined the entire soil in it with their roots, and then, after about one year, the young growth will acquire a more recognizable appearance. When you propagate Alocasia by offspring or daughter tubers, the division sites of the root system and cuttings are sprinkled with charcoal for better maintenance and further propagation. In soil with sand and peat soil, seed growth and rooting occurs much faster than in ordinary soil, which is used for such purposes. At the same time, maintain a stable temperature around the young plants of 20-23 degrees Celsius, thoroughly spray the seeds and moisten the soil so that your new Alocasia can grow into an adult plant.